See each listing for international shipping options and costs. Printed Sheet Set Single. The US and UK use feet and inches as their standard measure for beds, with the rest of the world using centimetres cm or metres m as their standard. Bed sheets are available in cotton, silk, satin, and flannel. Other sizes found include:.
Curtains were hung above the bed and a small hanging lamp is often shown. In the 14th century the woodwork became of less importance, generally being entirely covered by hangings of rich materials.
Silk , velvet , and even cloth of gold were frequently used. Inventories from the beginning of the 14th century give details of these hangings lined with fur and richly embroidered. It was then that the Four poster bed also known as a tester bed made its first appearance, the bed being slung from the ceiling or fastened to the walls, a form which developed later into a room within a room, shut in by double curtains, sometimes even to exclude all drafts.
The space between bed and wall was called the ruelle , and very intimate friends were received there. The 14th century is also the time when feather beds became highly prized possessions. In the 15th century beds became very large, reaching 7 to 8 feet 2. The mattresses were often filled with pea-shucks, straw, or feathers. At this time great personages were in the habit of carrying most of their property about with them, including beds and bed-hangings, and for this reason the bedsteads were for the most part mere frameworks to be covered up; but about the beginning of the 16th century bedsteads were made lighter and more decorative, since the lords remained in the same place for longer periods.
In the 17th century, which has been called "the century of magnificent beds", the style a la duchesse , with tester and curtains only at the head, replaced the more enclosed beds in France, though they lasted much longer in England.
Louis XIV had an enormous number of sumptuous beds, as many as being described in the inventories of his palaces. Some of them had embroideries enriched with pearls , and figures on a silver or golden ground. The great bed at Versailles had crimson velvet curtains on which "The Triumph of Venus" was embroidered.
So much gold was used that the velvet scarcely showed. In the 18th century feather pillows were first used as coverings in Germany, which in the fashions of the bed and the curious etiquette connected with the bedchamber followed France for the most part. The beds were a la duchesse , but in France itself there was great variety both of name and shape.
The custom of the " bed of justice " upon which the king of France reclined when he was present in parliament , the princes being seated, the great officials standing, and the lesser officials kneeling, was held to denote the royal power even more than the throne. Louis XI is credited with its first use and the custom lasted until the end of the monarchy. In the chambre de parade , where the ceremonial bed was placed, certain persons, such as ambassadors or great lords , whom it was desired to honour, were received in a more intimate fashion than the crowd of courtiers.
At Versailles women received their friends in their beds, both before and after childbirth , during periods of mourning , and even directly after marriage —in fact in any circumstances which were thought deserving of congratulation or condolence. During the 17th century this curious custom became general, perhaps to avoid the tiresome details of etiquette. Portable beds were used in high society in France until the end of the Ancien Régime.
The earliest of which mention has been found belonged to Charles the Bold. They had curtains over a light framework, and were in their way as fine as the stationary beds. Iron beds appear in the 18th century; the advertisements declare them as free from the insects which sometimes infested wooden bedsteads. Elsewhere, there was also the closed bed with sliding or folding shutters, and in England—where beds were commonly quite simple in form—the four poster was the usual citizen's bed until the middle of the 19th century.
Bed sizes vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. Mainland European sizes differ, not merely because of the use of the metric system. In the mids, the United States bedding industry introduced a new size: What is referred to as a "single bed" in many parts of the world may also be known in US terminology as a "twin bed. As another example, in some cultures, the "full mattress" is referred to as a "master size bed.
One of the largest beds in the world is the Great Bed of Ware , made in about The bed is mentioned by Shakespeare in Twelfth Night. In , an Indian Maharajah had a bed made of solid silver.
At each corner of the bed there was a life-sized statue of a naked woman holding a fan. When the Maharajah lay on the bed, his weight started a mechanism that made the women wave their fans.
In , a convertible bed in the form of an upright piano was available, which could provide home entertainment while saving space. Bed frames , also called bed steads, are made of wood or metal. The frame is made up of head, foot, and side rails. For heavy duty or larger frames such as for queen- and king-sized beds , the bed frame also includes a center support rail.
Although not truly parts of a bed frame, headboards, footboards, and bed rails can be included in the definition. Headboards and footboards can be wood or metal. They can be stained, painted, or covered in fabric or leather.
Bed rails are made of wood or metal and are attached to a headboard and footboard. Bed rails and frames are often attached to the bed post using knock-down fittings.
Primary knock-down fittings for bed rails are as follows:. Safety rails,  or cot sides , can be added to the sides of a bed normally a child or elderly person's bed to stop anyone falling out of the sides of the bed.
A safety rail is normally a piece of wood that attaches to the side rails on one or both sides of the bed. They are made so that they can be easily removed when no longer required. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 16 October For other uses, see Bed disambiguation.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 16 May Science 9 December Retrieved 8 July Retrieved 30 December Chambers, Ephraim , ed.
James and John Knapton, et al. History of Science and Technology. Retrieved 26 November Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 26 May The maharajas' opulent lifestyle". Skip to main content. Approximate Sizes A twin fleet sheet measures roughly by inches, give or take a few inches. Brand Variations Sheet sizes vary slightly among manufacturers, so before heading out the the store, measure your mattress or check the label if it's still affixed, and write down the size.
References 2 Lands' End: Bedding Size Charts Kohls: About the Author Maya Black has been covering business, food, travel, cultural topics and decorating since Accessed 16 October Dimensions of Flat Sheets. Home Guides SF Gate. Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.
Bed sheets, quilt covers, pillows, doonas & cushion sizing. Buy online, free Aust. wide shipping on orders over $ Find all the popular bed & bed linen sizes for Australia. In Australian and South East Asian countries including Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and Hong Kong, mattresses come in 5 sizes; single bed, king single bed, double bed, queen bed, king bed and super king bed. Use your mattress size to determine which size memory foam mattress topper or feather bed you need. Shopping for Fitted Sheets Your fitted sheet needs to be as close to your mattress size as possible to ensure that it will fit onto your mattress snugly.